Civiltà del Po - agricoltura
Civiltà del Po - l'agricoltura delle terre del Po


The kind of economy that characterized the Monastary of San Benedetto in Polirone in the first centuries of its' existence was essentially based on internal consumption and was therefore produced on the grounds of the Monastary. The products themselves were mostly destined for the monks and their community, while the surplus flowed into the markets in Mantova and Verona.
The diet of this community was made up of cereal grains and flour: barley, oats, meal and rye. The mass production of wheat is a modern occurrence. Wheat flour, corn and rice in the modern era have completely substituted the cultivation of minor grain and have radically altered the nutritional habits of the Padana area.
Once beans were widely consumed and were grown in the open fields: chick peas, green beans, lentils and peas.
Inside the complex of the Monastary there were some vegetable gardens where the monks grew herbs, medicinal roots, vegetables and even had fruit trees; used for both fruit and flowers for the alters. Most of the vegetables come from the external grounds which produced garlic, radishes, onions, scallions, cabbages, lettuce, carrots, celery, parsley, squash, melons and cucumbers. Potatoes and tomatoes were the last to arrive and initially were used as ornamental plants.

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